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What is Data Science? How is it Learned?

What is Data Science? How is it Learned?

In this blog, we discussed the importance of learning data science and artificial intelligence skills, career opportunities, and their future potential.
9 Minutes

Data science is a field of study that combines domain expertise, programming skills, knowledge of mathematics and statistics to derive meaningful insights from data. Practitioners of this field use artificial intelligence systems for tasks that normally require human intelligence. They apply machine learning algorithms to numbers, images, videos, and sounds. In turn, these systems produce insights that analysts can convert into tangible business value. In simpler terms, data science involves the acquisition, processing, and analysis of data towards a specific goal. Data scientists, seen as one of the most important job fields of both today's world and the future, possess not only technical skills but also knowledge about the foundational concepts of the field. Both the details about data science and the most basic concepts related to this field can be found in this article.

What is Data Science?

Data science is a field that combines mathematics and statistics, specialized programming, advanced analytics, artificial intelligence, and machine learning expertise to uncover actionable insights hidden in an organization's data. Due to the acceleration in data flow and an increase in sources, the need for this science grows day by day in all sectors. Organizations rely most on data scientists to interpret data and offer actionable recommendations for improving business outcomes.

The data science lifecycle involves various roles, tools, and processes that enable analysts to gather actionable insights. Typically, a data science project goes through the following stages:

  • Data Acquisition: The lifecycle begins with the collection of both raw structured and unstructured data from all relevant sources using various methods. These methods can include manual entry, web scraping, and real-time data streaming from systems and devices. These data sources may include structured data such as customer information as well as unstructured information like log files, video, audio, images, and social media.
  • Data Storage and Processing: As data can come in different formats and structures, companies need to consider different storage systems depending on the type of information they need to capture. Data management teams help set standards related to data storage and structure that facilitate workflows around analytics, machine learning, and deep learning models. This phase involves using data integration technologies to clean, deduplicate, transform, and merge data. This data preparation is necessary to improve the quality of data before it is loaded into a data warehouse or another pool.
  • Data Analysis: At this stage, data analysts examine the data for values, gaps, and distributions through analysis. This data analytics exploration also includes hypothesis formation for A/B testing. Additionally, this phase helps determine the data's suitability for predictive analytics, machine learning, and deep learning modeling efforts. Organizations rely on this analysis when setting new goals for a project because scalable data emerges as a result of data analysis.

The insights obtained are presented to business analysts in reports and visualized data, facilitating decision-making. Data science programming languages like Python also include components for creating visualizations.

Why is Data Science Important?

Data science is important because it can be used for a variety of applications, from predicting customer behavior to optimizing business processes. It encompasses a wide range of analytical types due to its broad scope. Considering the vast flow of big data in today's world, regardless of the industry or size, organizations need to efficiently develop and apply data analysis capabilities to stay competitive. Companies that fail to do so may fall behind in the competition. The importance of data science manifests itself in the following areas:

  • High Data Volume: The rise of digital technologies has led to a high flow of data. Every online transaction, social media interaction, and digital process produces certain data. However, this data only gains value when meaningful information is extracted from it. This is where data science comes into play.
  • Value Creation: Data science is not just about analyzing data. It involves interpreting and using data to make informed business decisions, predict future trends, understand customer behavior, and increase operational efficiency. The ability to guide data-driven decision-making makes data science valuable for organizations.
  • Career: This field can offer lucrative career opportunities. With the increasing demand for professionals who can analyze data, data scientists can find opportunities to work with high earning potential.

What is Data Science Used For?

All sectors can benefit from data science in numerous ways. The most common use of this field includes developing advanced targeting and personalization strategies to improve customer experience and process optimization through intelligent automation. Additionally, data science encompasses the following types of analytics:

  • Descriptive Analytics: Analyzes past data to understand the current situation and identify trends. For example, a retail store could use this process to analyze its sales in the last quarter and determine its best-selling products.
  • Diagnostic Analytics: Analyzes data to understand why certain events occurred, identifying patterns and anomalies. If a company's sales drop, data scientists can use diagnostic analytics to determine whether the cause is low product quality or increased competition.
  • Predictive Analytics: Commonly used in finance, healthcare, and marketing. Based on past data, this type of analytics predicts future outcomes using statistical models.
  • Prescriptive Analytics: Involves actions based on the results obtained from other types of analysis to mitigate future problems or capitalize on promising trends. It contributes to analyzing future campaigns and investments, evaluating data to gain significant insights.

All these analytical methods provide valuable information that guides companies in decision-making and strategic planning.

How to Learn Data Science?

Learning data science requires familiarity with a range of concepts, programming languages, and machine learning tools. The following 5 steps can help you in the learning process of data science.

1.Build a Strong Foundation in Statistics and Mathematics
Like many other scientific disciplines, mathematics is the foundation of this field. Additionally, statistics and probability are among the most important areas to understand when working on data science. Most algorithm models created by data analysts are just programmatic versions of statistical problem-solving approaches.

2.Learn Python and R Programming Languages
Once you are familiar with the mathematical concepts needed, it's time to learn some programming languages. This way, you can convert all your mathematical knowledge into scalable computer programs. Python and R are the two most popular programming languages used in data science. Both are open-source and free, making these programming languages easily accessible. Especially Python is recommended for beginners due to its high readability by both humans and machines. Starting to learn this language will give you a competitive advantage.

3.Be Knowledgeable About Databases
As a data scientist, you need to know about databases to be able to retrieve and store the data you work on after processing it. SQL is one of the most popular database query languages. It helps you store new data, record changes, and create tables and views. Due to these capabilities, SQL is the most popular querying language among everyone working on data science.

4.Learn Data Analysis Methods
There are various methods that data analysts can use to analyze a dataset. The specific approach you use will depend on the problem you want to solve and the nature of the data you are using. As a data scientist, knowing which method will provide the best result for a specific problem is also part of your duties.

5.Explore Data Science Tools
Data science tools can make your job easier. For example; Apache Spark manages batch jobs while D3.js creates data visualizations for browsers. At this stage, you don't need to master a specific tool. However, you can research the company you want to work for and find out which tools you need to be familiar with.

What Are the Benefits of Learning Data Science?

As the world progresses at an unprecedented pace in technology, the demand for data science and artificial intelligence skills increases just as rapidly. This demand boosts the need for data scientists, and professionals working in the field seize the opportunity to earn significantly more than those in many other specialties. The greatest advantage of learning data science is the abundance of job opportunities and the high earning potential it offers. As automation and artificial intelligence become more widespread, enhancing these skills will become increasingly important for the future. This way, data scientists can maintain this advantage moving forward.

Data science and artificial intelligence are some of the most advanced technologies of our time, impacting the way we live and work across the globe. Learning these skills means you'll be at the forefront of technological advancement and have the opportunity to work on projects that shape the future. Data scientists can use these skills in various sectors, from healthcare to finance. As data continues to play a significant role in decision-making, interest in these skills is likely to increase. Therefore, these capabilities could provide a competitive advantage in the job market for those working in this field indefinitely.

Data science, working parallel with artificial intelligence, is a dynamic and constantly evolving field. This means the work is always exciting. Alongside artificial intelligence, analysts working in areas including mathematics, statistics, and computer science have the opportunity to continuously develop themselves. If you're interested in working in this field, you might consider researching data science bootcamps. Additionally, by participating in hackathon events through platforms like, you can keep yourself up to date and have the chance to join brand new training sessions.

What qualifications should I have to apply for job postings?

After acquiring sufficient knowledge and skills in your field, you can start applying for job postings. However, the qualities that companies look for in candidates can vary depending on the position. You can review the positions on the job postings page and take a closer look at the details of the announcements.

Where can I apply for job postings?

After reviewing the general qualifications and job description, you can apply for suitable job postings via the "apply" button. Clicking the “apply” button will present you with the options "Easy Apply in 1 Minute" and "Log In and Apply". You can complete your job application in a few steps by evaluating the option that suits you.

Can I apply for job postings as a junior candidate?

You can apply for job postings as a junior candidate. However, you need to review the job description and qualifications carefully to see if the details of the posting are suitable for you. If you wish, you can use the "Experience" button on the job postings page to filter the postings and view companies that consider junior candidates.

How can I join the Discord channel?

To join the Discord channel, simply click on the link Through this channel, you can easily follow collaborations, updates, events, and trainings.

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